Most importantly, you help support continued development of this site. The majority of cases of retinotoxicity have occurred in patients that have had a cumulative dose exceeding 1000g of hydroxychloriquine (Plaquenil). This level is reached in about 7 years with the most common daily dose of Plaquenil, 400 mg/day (200 bid). Hydroxychloroquine american academy of ophthalmology Aralen 250 mg dosage Hydroxychloroquine sulfate adverse reactions Plaquenil is also an antirheumatic medicine and is used to treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus. Important information. Taking Plaquenil long-term or at high doses may cause irreversible damage to the retina of your eye. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d. its visual impact can be devastating. 2,3. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area. Plaquenil is manufactured in only a 200 mg tablet The typical dosage is either 200 or 400 mg per day 200 mg daily puts anyone under 68 pounds at risk1 400 mg of Plaquenil daily puts anyone under 135 pounds at a higher risk for toxicity Therefore, 200mg of Plaquenil daily is going to be a safe dosage for virtually all adults13 It now solely uses real body weight (rather than ideal body weight) based on new recommendations from a 2014 study (1). Disclaimer: This tool is designed to help eye care professionals better understand the risk the of retinotoxicity from hydroxychloroquine. Please note: This calculator was modified in 9/2015. Plaquenil retinal damage Side Effects of Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine, Warnings, Uses, New Plaquenil Guidelines - What class of drugs is hydroxychloroquineSide effects of taking too much plaquenilHydroxychloroquine sulfate teirWhy does plaquenil work Unfortunately, the retinal damage from these medications is largely irreversible, so it is critical to detect early retinal toxicity in the hopes of limiting the extent of visual loss. Sign/Symptoms Ocular manifestations of hydroxychloroquine include corneal verticillata and retinal toxicity. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and.. Early Plaquenil Toxicity Detected without Bull’s Eye Maculopathy. Plaquenil Side Effects on Your Eyes and Vision. It’s generally safe at normal doses, but higher amounts can damage the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, and result in partial or complete blindness. Hydroxychloroquine-related eye problems were once considered rare, but better detection methods now show that they occur in about 7 percent of patients. Hydroxychloroquine has significantly less retinal toxicity and has largely replaced chloroquine as a treatment of inflammatory disease. Unfortunately, the retinal damage from these medications is largely irreversible, so it is critical to detect early retinal toxicity in the hopes of limiting the extent of visual loss. Sign/Symptoms While side effects of corticosteroids are usually to blame, there is also the possibility of ocular damage associated with long-term use of the antimalarial drugs hydroxychloroquine brand name Plaquenil® and chloroquine. Improved vision screening tests and updated dosing guidelines are key to avoiding such complications.